Category Archives: India constitutional law

INDIA – Know Your Legal Rights Series (PART 3) – The Constitution of India – CITIZENSHIP

PART II
CITIZENSHIP

5.   Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution
6.   Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan
7.  Rights of citizenship of certain migrants to Pakistan
8.    Rights of citizenship of certain persons of Indian origin residing outside India
9.    Persons voluntarily acquiring citizenship of a foreign State not to be citizens
10.  Continuance of the rights of citizenship
11.  Parliament to regulate the right of citizenship by law

 CITIZENSHIP

(Part II – Citizenship. – Arts. 7 – 11.)

5.  At the commencement of this Constitution, every person who has his domicile in the territory of India and—
(a) who was born in the territory of India; or
(b) either of whose parents was born in the territory
of India; or
(c) who has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India for not less than five years immediately preceding such commencement, shall be a citizen of India.

6. Notwithstanding anything in article 5, a person who has migrated to the territory of India from the territory now included in Pakistan shall be deemed to be a citizen of India at the commencement of this Constitution if—

(a) he or either of his parents or any of his grandparents was born in India as defined in the
Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted); and

(b)  (i) in the case where such person has so migrated before the nineteenth day of July,                                          1948, he has been ordinarily resident in the territory of India since the date of his migration, or  (ii) in the case where such person has so migrated on or after the nineteenth day of July, 1948, he has been registered as a citizen of India by an officer appointed in that behalf by the Government of the Dominion of India on an application made by him therefor to such officer before the commencement of this Constitution in the form and manner prescribed by that Government:

Provided that no person shall be so registered unless he has been resident in the territory of India for at least six months immediately preceding the date of his application.
Citizenship at the commencement of the Constitution. Rights of citizenship of certain persons who have migrated to India from Pakistan.

7.  Notwithstanding anything in articles 5 and 6, a person who has after the first day of March, 1947, migrated from the territory of India to the territory now included in Pakistan shall not be deemed to be a citizen of India:
Provided that nothing in this article shall apply to a person who, after having so migrated to the territory now included in Pakistan, has returned to the territory of India under a permit for resettlement or permanent return issued by or under the authority of any law and every such person shall for the purposes of clause (b) of article 6 be deemed to have migrated to the territory of India after the nineteenth day of July, 1948.

8.   Notwithstanding anything in article 5, any person who or either of whose parents or any of whose grandparents was born in India as defined in the Government of India Act, 1935 (as originally enacted), and who is ordinarily residing in any country outside India as so defined shall be deemed to be a citizen of India if he has been registered as a citizen of India by the diplomatic or consular representative of India in the country where he is for the time being residing on an application made by him therefor to such diplomatic or
consular representative, whether before or after the commencement of this Constitution, in the form and manner prescribed by the Government of the Dominion of India or the Government of India.

9.  No person shall be a citizen of India by virtue of article 5, or be deemed to be a citizen of India by virtue of article 6 or article 8, if he has voluntarily acquired the citizenship of any foreign State.

10.  Every person who is or is deemed to be a citizen of India under any of the foregoing provisions of this Part shall, subject to the provisions of any law that may be made by Parliament, continue to be such citizen.

11.  Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this Part shall derogate from the power of Parliament to make any provision with respect to the acquisition and termination of citizenship and all other matters relating to citizenship.

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India’s Bio-metric identification system for it’s population.

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India’s Bio-metric identification system for it’s population.

This is one of the most disturbing fact about the new Biometric identification scheme, proposed by the government of India (GOI). The government wants to literally “tag” every Indian with a “human-dog collar“.

Truly, scary, truly Orwellian in nature.  I wonder what’s next? GOI collecting blood, urine, skin & hair samples, and extracting DNA and other biological and chemical composition from every human body that calls it’s self citizen of India.

Please, click on the link below to access the article in it’s entirety. 

https://thelargestdemocracy.wordpress.com/2012/05/31/india-bio-metric-identification-system-for-the-entire-population-of-india/

RFID passport

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THE AGE OF REASON?

The Renaissance in Modern India is wanting.

~ author http://www.thelargestdemocracy.wordpress.com

Raja Ram Mohan Roy endeavored to create from t...

Raja Ram Mohan Roy

Raja Ram Mohan Roy endeavored to create from the ancient Upanishadic texts a vision of rationalist modern India.

                                                                                                        

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India – Land of Gurus, Swamis & Swines, all equally guilty of promoting violence & illiteracy. (Part 1)

To:

Bal ThackerayShiv Sena, the right wing Hindu fundamentalist political party of India

My thoughts captured herein, are directly in response to your public admiration and support of Adolf Hitler, the Nazi bastard & mass murdering white supremacist thug who came to power by instigating violence and hatred against intellectuals, academics & religious leaders of Germany & Europe.

Adolf Hitler, the Nazi bastard & his henchmen are directly responsible for the most heinous atrocities ever committed against humanity & nature. Specifically, the mass murder of Jews across Europe.

Perhaps you & your family would have met the same end as your idol Adolf Hitler whom you have worshiped for more than five decades. You have described Adolf Hitler as a great leader, someone with a great personality and leadership qualities, well your statements illustrates to the world how ignorant you and your family are of world history and events. These pathetic and illiterate statements directly reflect upon your intelligence level, upbringing, family values, and much more.

It clearly demonstrates to the world at large as to what an illiterate you are. So goes the same for your immediate family members, friends, party members and followers of your right wing political party, the Shiv Sena.

Adolf Hitler, the Nazi bastard, mass murderer of millions of people, including innocent children, senior citizens, mentally and physically disabled people of Germany and Europe would have sent you, your wife and parents to the gas chamber, if Hitler had invaded India.

You and your kind would not have seen the light of day. You are just not an illiterate & violent human being but also a manifestation of evil in our world.

Our planet would be a better place without inhabitants of your caliber and intelligence.

Satyameva Jayate. (The truth alone triumphs in Sanskrit)

Author’s thoughts on law, society & humanity in India.

India Divided

India Divided (Photo credit: Earthworm)

 

 

 

“Politicians are nothing but criminals, the true threat to India comes from within its borders”.

            Author ~ https://www.thelargestdemocracy.wordpress.com                                                                  

INDIA – Know Your Legal Rights Series – (PART 1) – The Constitution of India – THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

PART I

THE UNION AND ITS TERRITORY

ARTICLES

1.        Name and territory of the Union

2.       Admission or establishment of new States

2A.   [Repealed.]

3.      Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States

4.      Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental,

          incidental and consequential matters

1.     Name and territory of the Union.—

(1) India, that is Bharat, shall be a Union of States.
(2) The States and the territories thereof shall be as specified in the First Schedule.
(3) The territory of India shall comprise—
(a) the territories of the States;
(b) the Union territories specified in the First Schedule; and
(c) such other territories as may be acquired.

2.      Admission or establishment of new States.—Parliament may by law admit into the Union, or establish, new States on such terms and conditions as it thinks fit.
2A. [Sikkim to be associated with the Union.] Rep. by the Constitution (Thirty- sixth Amendment) Act, 1975, s. 5 (w.e.f. 26-4-1975).

3.        Formation of new States and alteration of areas, boundaries or names of existing States.—Parliament may by law—
(a)  form a new State by separation of territory from any State or by uniting two or more States or parts of States or by uniting any territory to a part of any State;
(b) increase the area of any State;
(c) diminish the area of any State;
(d) alter the boundaries of any State;
(e) alter the name of any State:
Provided that no Bill for the purpose shall be introduced in either House of Parliament except on the recommendation of the President and unless, where the proposal contained in the Bill affects the area, boundaries or name of any of the States, the Bill has been referred by the President to the Legislature of that State for expressing its views thereon within such period as may be specified in the reference or within such further period as the President may allow and the period so specified or allowed has expired.

3         THE  CONSTITUTION OF INDIA

Explanation I.—In this article, in clauses (a) to (e), “State” includes a Union territory, but in the proviso, “State” does not include a Union territory.

Explanation II. – The power conferred on Parliament by clause (a) includes the power to form a new State or Union territory by uniting a part of any State or Union territory to any other State or Union territory.

4.      Laws made under articles 2 and 3 to provide for the amendment of the First and the Fourth Schedules and supplemental, incidental and consequential matters.—

(1)   Any law referred to in article 2 or article 3 shall contain such provisions for the amendment of the First Schedule and the Fourth Schedule as may be necessary to give effect to the provisions of the law and may also contain such supplemental, incidental and consequential provisions (including provisions as to representation in Parliament and in the Legislature or Legislatures of the State or States affected by such law) as Parliament may deem necessary.

(2)  No such law as aforesaid shall be deemed to be an amendment of this Constitution for the purposes of article 368.

Read the Preamble to India’s Constitution

https://thelargestdemocracy.wordpress.com/2012/08/19/india-know-your-legal-rights-series-part-1-the-constitution-of-india-preamble/

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“The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children.”

Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Dietrich Bonhoeffer (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

“The ultimate test of a moral society is the kind of world that it leaves to its children.”
~ Dietrich Bonhoeffer

Herr Dietrich Bonhoeffer was born on February 4, 1906 in Germany. He was a Lutheran pastor, theologian and an anti-nazi. His views and beliefs of the role of the Christian religion in a secular world has influenced many around the world. He also opposed Nazism and upon learning about the brutal and heinous crimes committed by the Nazis, he concluded that “the ultimate question for a responsible man to ask is not how he is to extricate himself heroically from the affair, but how the coming generation shall continue to live”.

Dietrich Bonhoeffer was one of the few church leaders who stood in courageous opposition to Adolf Hitler and his Nazi ideology, political, social and race policies.

Pastor Bonhoeffer was imprisoned at Konzentrationslager Flossenbürg (Flossenburg concentration camp in the region of Bavaria in Germany). He was condemned to death on April 8, 1945 for his anti-Nazi views and for his involvement in the conspiracy to kill Adolf Hitler. The following day, he was stripped of his clothing and led naked into the execution yard, where he was hanged from a thin wire. Pastor Bonhoeffer breathed his last on April 9, 1945.

The camp doctor who witnessed the execution wrote: “I saw Pastor Bonhoeffer… kneeling on the floor praying fervently to God. I was most deeply moved by the way this lovable man prayed, so devout and so certain that God heard his prayer. At the place of execution, he again said a short prayer and then climbed the few steps to the gallows, brave and composed. His death ensued after a few seconds. In the almost fifty years that I worked as a doctor, I have hardly ever seen a man die so entirely submissive to the will of God.”

Excellent book ~ Dietrich Bonhoeffer: A Biography by Eberhard Bethge.

20th anniversary of the assassination against ...

20th anniversary of the assassination against Adolf Hitler on July 20th 1944 :*Graphics by Gerd und E. Aretz :*Ausgabepreis: 20 Pfennig :*First Day of Issue / Erstausgabetag: 20. Juli 1964 :*Michel-Katalog-Nr: 433 (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

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