Government Sanctioned Killings Around the World – Capital Punishment

CAPITAL PUNISHMENT BY THE NUMBERS

THE KING CAN DO NO WRONG…at least that is what they want us to believe in. I for some reason was under the impression that Thomas Hobbes theory titled “Divine Rights of Kings” was ancient history. However, this is not the first time I have been proven wrong.

Well here is a synopsis of Amnesty International’s report titled “Death Sentences and Executions 2011”.

  • Total of at least twenty (20) countries executed people.
  • The youngest country in the world South Sudan too carried out capital punishment.
  • In the year 2011 at least 676 executions were carried out worldwide. In the year 2010 at least 527 executions were carried out worldwide.
  • The 2011 figure jumped significantly due to “increase in judicial killings in Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia”.

(A)   Capital Punishment in USA:

  • Amnesty Int’l is at odds with Washington D.C. for being “in its dubiously bad place on this fundamental human rights issue”.
  • The USA is the only country in the western hemisphere or the among the G8 countries (USA, Canada, UK, France, Germany, Italy, Russia & Japan) to kill its prisoners.
  • USA has the 5th highest number of executions in the world.
  • Number #1 spot goes to China
  • Number #2 spot goes to Iran
  • Number #3 spot goes to Saudi Arabia
  • Number #4 spot goes to Iraq
  1. The State of Texas, located in southern United States, carried out the largest number of executions in 2010.
  2. Texas executed thirteen (13) human beings in 2010
  3. If Texas was a country it would take the 7th spot in the world. Ranking between North Korea and Somalia.
(B)   Capital Punishment in Mainland* China: 
*The death penalty is not practiced in Hong Kong or Macau, which are separate jurisdictions under the “one country, two systems” principle.
  1.  The minimum age one can be sentenced to death is eighteen (18).
  2. Fifty-five (55) crimes carry the death penalty, ranging from murder, treason, drug trafficking, aggravated murder, armed rebellion to bribery and smuggling.
  3. Crimes such as theft of cultural relics, killing of Pandas, no longer carries the death penalty
  4. Thirteen (13) other crimes, including VAT fraud, smuggling relics and credit fraud, were only recently removed from the list of capital offences.
  5.  Many human rights monitors, NGOs & watchdog groups strongly believe that actual numbers are astronomically higher than the official records on executions.
  6. According to Dui Hua Foundation, China executed some 5,000 people in the year 2009. This number is higher than all the executions carried out around the globe.  The exact figures may never be known, since the Chinese government regards them as a “state secret”.

Organ Transplants & Capital Punishment in China:  

  • In 2009 Beijing publicly admitted that two-thirds of all organs used in transplants in China are taken from executed prisoner.
  • For decades a underground economy flourished at the expense of the dead and young conscripts in the armed forces.
  • Under the prevailing law, organs can only be taken from condemned prisoners if they give written consent, however the law is rarely followed.
  • Today, the Red Cross Society of China educates the public and encourage them to offer their organs for donation. The Chinese Red Cross has created a vast database of potential donors & financial assistance is given to under privilege families of such volunteers.

Author’s thoughts: When a government puts an individual(s) to death, it is nothing more than premeditated murder. Here, the state is the (bad) actor who commits a crime which wrongfully causes the death of another human being. Wrongfully because, life belongs to the liver [no pun intended], the intended recipient and NOT to Kings, Queens, nobility or governments. The human institutions do not have a right to take life away from the “condemned” in the name of justice or retribution.

The state actor rationally considers the timing, method and means of the execution so as to bring certainty that death occurs and the “condemned” will die when such methods or means of execution are applied on his humanly body.

In my humble opinion violence begets violence. Life is too precious and government’s have no right to take it away. Two wrongs do not make a right. The alternative is life imprisonment without possibility of parole. Live & Let Live. ~ Please, spread the word. Thanks.

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8 thoughts on “Government Sanctioned Killings Around the World – Capital Punishment

  1. Joy Claros July 8, 2012 at 10:51 AM Reply

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  2. Diabetic 1200 Calorie Diet July 8, 2012 at 6:36 AM Reply

    Thanks for posting this. I’ve been looking for this info. Good info, I will check back for more info in regards to death penalty. thanks

    • theLargestDemocracy.wordpress.com July 8, 2012 at 9:50 AM Reply

      Hello! Thanks for your words of support & encouragement. I am happy to see that you liked my article on capital punishment. I will be posting my second article on the same subject on or about August 24, 2012. I encourage you to visit my blog as often as you like or you can follow my blog by typing your email in the column located on the right hand side of your screen. YOU WILL NOT RECEIVE ANY SPAM MESSAGES FROM ME. Take care and thanks for your feedback.

  3. M.Shahid kamal June 25, 2012 at 7:04 AM Reply

    There are many other issues also to be taken into consideration #1 we are usually sympathetic and talk about the rights of person who has been sentenced for capital punishment but what about the rights of the victims who have been killed, raped or tortured without any fault or the right of thier families . #2. Why the society is asked to bear the expenses of keeping some one alive and bear all thier expenses? while the same amount of money can be used for saving someone’s life. #3 What is the purpose of keeping some some alive when the quality of life for that person may not be very differnt than a monkey sitting in a zoo. #4. Most of these criminals are like a damage good from the factory production line and they shold be recycled. #5. most of these criminals are born or in early life damage thier brain for some reason so a person without a normal functioning brain in some sense would not qualify to be classifed as humans. #6.Life sentence give you no hope. in my opinon people committing some severe crime should be given death sentence or a certain period say 20 to 30 years in prision. #7Life sentence without parole is much harsher than capital punishment.

  4. Ajay Kumar Mishra June 23, 2012 at 10:19 PM Reply

    I am not in a favour of capital punishment because in my opinion social goal to control the crime could not be achieved by this method which is based on the principle of “eye for eye”. It is totally against the humanity. A question may arises that one who does not care for humanity to others, why humanity should be ground to save him from capital punishment ? Answer is very simple because the so called criminals are not educated about the humanity but we have.

    • TheLargestDemocracy June 24, 2012 at 7:40 AM Reply

      Dear Ajay Kumar

      Thanks for sharing your views. True, we humans learn & grow intellectually and spiritually, through self-actualization and self-realization. Pass on the word to your family, friends and colleagues. Keep the faith. ~ Peace & Happiness.

  5. M.Shahid kamal June 21, 2012 at 8:02 AM Reply

    I am in favour of capital punishment. capital punishments are to be given very judiciosly or carefully but at times people commit so heinios crimes that they cease the right to live any more because they have violated and wrongfully taken the lives or rights of others. It is a fashion to condemn capital punishment but we should not forget the principal of en eye for an eye.

    • TheLargestDemocracy June 21, 2012 at 6:04 PM Reply

      Hello Shahid Kamal

      Thank you, your opposing views on capital punishment are welcome.

      I understand your stance on this subject. Many a times in my life I too have thought or proposed that the death penalty should be “reserved” for the most heinous crime(s) committed by an individual. Especially, in crimes involving rape, sodomy and other sex crimes committed against women and children. Also, crimes committed against the physically and mentally disabled people.

      As a child I used to always say that the death penalty should be reserved for monsters such as Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin & the likes. Now, that I am a grown man I look back and laugh at how innocent and silly I was. My gosh!

      However, I truly believe that capital punishment is a crime against mother nature, humanity & God.

      The Republic of India which is a parliamentary democracy has reserved the right to execute the condemned by hanging. In 1983 the Indian Supreme Court ruled that the death penalty should be imposed only in “the rarest of rare cases”. India is one of many countries in the world that has capital punishment on its books but rarely carries out a hanging, at least that is the common belief that most Indians and the western world share. However, there is more to it than what meets the eye.

      Post independence (1947), India carried out 1422 (One Thousand Four Hundred and Twenty Two) hangings in 16 states and Union territories.

      The death penalty is not about numbers, statistics or arithmetic calculations, but rather about a barbaric act committed by a State against its people, this barbarism itself is a symbol of absolute power of the State. Death is brought upon an individual through the process that is legally sanctioned, officially sanitized and socially encouraged, taught and supported by the citizens of the very State that acts as a barbarian.

      To the best of my recollection, it was Albert Camus, who said that capital punishment was a ‘theoretically defensible’ murder on the part of the State.

      Isn’t it a paradox? A country that brands itself on Mahatma Gandhi, non violent struggle & finds the bovine to be holy and therefore, not worthy of slaughter for human consumption when hundreds of millions of its citizens starve daily, reserves the right to take a life of a person in “the rarest of rare cases”?

      If we all believe in the famous Hammurabi Code “eye for an eye”. Which is the principle of exact reciprocity. For example, if a person caused the death of another person, the killer would be put to death (Hammurabi’s code, §230). But do you not think that an eye for an eye would make the whole world go blind?

      May eternal peace, tranquility, & goodness be our allies everyday and our guiding forces throughout our lives. ~ Thanks.

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